is carbon structured by living organisms
into chains, rings, chains of rings
sheets, fibers, containers, membranes,
and other infrastructures needed
for microbes, insects, plants and animals.
Sugar is the simplest, most common biocarbon.
Cellulose is the most abundant biocarbon.
Biocarbon is very different from carbon made by geological processes, or "Geocarbon."
Major Types of Biocarbon
Biochar: super-stable biocarbon made by baking biomass at 500–1000 degreesC in low or no oxygen.
Mulch: plant debris scattered on soil to shade, cool and protect soil
Organic Matter: biomass residues that decay and break down in soil, leaving traces of carbon-rich residues
Woody Biomass: plant debris
Weedy Biomass: annual plants and other green debris
Compost: residue of microbe digestion of plant biomass allowed to decay into crumbly, dark brown compost.
Humus: final indigestible residue of microbe breakdown of biomass
Humates: geocarbon from immature coal such as Leonardite.
Humic Acid: ultra-fine geocarbon extracted from humates
Fulvic Acid: water soluble ultra-fine geocarbon from humates.